The euthanasia debates

Euthanasia, being a controversial issue, can be debate from both sides. One of the main argues I found during the research process is the similarity between current treatments and euthanasia for terminal illness patients. ‘Physician-assisted death’ is already happening in the hospital. For example, removing life support in intensive care unit, giving drugs that have might potentially reduce the life length. Therefore considering assisted suicide as a crime is actually meaningless.

Besides that, euthanasia also makes death less terrified and less painful, it can become more like a ceremony. Patients can also have the chance to say goodbye to their friends and family because the date is definite. I think the request of euthanasia is totally reasonable because all of us should have the right of choosing our method of dying, especially terminally ill patients.

The main reasons against euthanasia are the conflict between assisted suicide and euthanasia in law and also the problems with Christian’s belief that euthanasia is murder or suicide. Another factor is that, terminally ill patients are worried about the effect that euthanasia may have on their family. Although, there are reasons against euthanasia I believe it will be legalised one day in the future because according the poll in my report not only the majority of public support it but Christians are gradually accepting it as well. Just this week, Canada has announced the acceptance of euthanasia.

 

Reasons why a plan is important

I wrote a detailed plan before start writing to help me organize all my sources in a logical sequence. Firstly, I decided the main ideas I am going to talk about in my report then divided them into five body paragraphs and gave them sub-headings. Dot points with reference were written below them. I think my ideas flow logically and I also checked my plans with the teacher. After doing the plan, the draft will be much easier to write because I just need to find appropriate linking words to link my ideas.

My investigation plan

A part of my investigation plan

 

Sources comparison

I have looked at 5 sources so far, three of them I took Cornell notes, the last two I just did some simple notes.

The first Conversation article discussed the general situation about euthanasia and palliative care and also how Australian surgeons currently help terminal illness. The BBC documentary gave opposing perspectives. Both the BBC documentary and ABC TV gave examples of how terminal illness patients feel and how other people eventually understood their choice of committing euthanasia. In addition, I read two more articles on the Conversation website, one talked about why rational suicide should be legalized. That source is quite helpful as it provides new aspects other than the aspects in the three sources I had ready read. It mentioned that the euthanasia laws in the Netherlands works well. There is no sign that relatives are using the law to hound old people to their deaths and patients are doing it following their will and are not forced by doctors. So it showed that euthanasia has the potential to work in other countries as well. The last source didn’t really give any new perspective but it mentioned a few surveys and the results are supporting the right to commit euthanasia. I can use them to support my ideas in the report.

Reliability of the sources

I have analyzed three sources so far, one from the Conversation website, one from the BBC and the other from the ABC. These three sources all have high reliability as they are all from well-known media and have large audience group.

The first source is an article written by Peter Saul, who is a Senior Specialist in Intensive Care and Head of Clinical Unit in Ethics and Health Law, University of Newcastle. Because he is a professional in this area, therefore I will consider this article be quite trustworthy and very less biased.

The second source, the BBC documentary: How to die: Simon’s choice is also highly reliable as it was released on 10 February 2016 and therefore is very up to date information. On BBC website for the documentary, it listed all the organizations that helped to produce this documentary. I can check these organizations to get more information. The more information I have the more I can get a balance point of view.

The third source, the ABC TV show, My Conscience Tells Me was also released recently, on 7 March, 2016. It is reliable as it provided related links on its website. It interviewed two specific patients who are suffering with terminal illness and I think it is a good primary source to use. This show also had an interview with Andrew Denton, who has spoken publicly about the choice to die. He also written many article that I can use for another perspectives.

ABC TV show: My Conscience Tells Me

ABC TV show: My Conscience Tells Me

ESL investigation: Organize your ideas

Mindmap I did based on the information I got

Mindmap I did based on the information I got

I started to search information about euthanasia on the Conversation website and found a good article called “From ‘right to die’ to ‘right to choose the way you die’ – the shifting euthanasia debate”. I made a mind map based on this article but this article mainly talked about the positive sides of euthanasia. Source two will be the BBC documentary, which gives perspectives about why some people are against euthanasia. I will separate the positive sides and against sides apart, one on the right and the other on the left. So that it is visually clearer to see the two arguments. I think the documentary is helpful as it provides aspects I had never thought about. Such as euthanasia is not in high demand, only 1 in 5000 asked for euthanasia. I thought the percentage would be much higher than that.

I will continue to add more to the mind map as I keep researching. After locating the basic ideas for both sides on the mind map, I can research more specific about each small point on the mind map.

ESL investigation: How did you choose your topic

Mindmap I did based on the information I got

Mindmap I did based on the information I got

When I think about the topic I am going to investigate for ESL. The first topic came up to my mind is Islam religion problem and the Paris attack which happened last year. It was a personal interest as I had been always pay attention to this problem. However after talking to the teacher and another student who did similar topic for research project. They suggested that it might be too complicated to read. Around that week, a post about the BBC documentary called, How To Die: Simon’s Choice, become popular on Chinese twitter. I saw this post and I think euthanasia will be a good topic because it can be argued on both sides and I have interests in this topic as well.

 

What does gender equality mean to me

Link

In the ESL lesson, we learned about the two main waves in women’s movement and how Ruby Payne Scott, a competent woman, didn’t get equal rights as being a radio astronomer in that time.

I really appreciate all the work that women in 1960s have done for letting the society to recognize women. Living in today’s society, where men and women are relatively equal, it is hard to image what women in that time have been through.

However, inequality still exists now. My mum told me that in China men are still likely to get a job compared to women because women have maternity leave. I have seen a lot of families still prefer their kids to be a male rather than female, this shows that our society is still male dominated and women are consider in inferior.

I hope as society develops, there will no longer be sex discrimination in the future.

Created by Jeremy Thomas, found on Unsplash

Created by Jeremy Thomas, found on Unsplash

Resource:

-Howitt, B, Sedunary, E, Baker, S, Keith, R & Melissas, S 2012, Pearson History 10, 1 edn, Pearson Education Australia, AU.

-Rewind moments 2004, DVD, ABC, Australia. CSIRO, Film Australia, Film world, Sydney University Archives.

-CSIRO Staff Association 2012, Star achiever: Celebrating 100 years of Ruby Payne-Scott, Science and Technology Australia, accessed 15 February 2016, <http://cpsu-csiro.org.au/2012/05/29/star-achiever-celebrating-100-years-of-ruby-payne-scott/>.

Norway Culture Report

Norway is a country with a diverse culture, located in the north of Europe. Their population is about 5.084 million, much smaller compared to Australia. They speak their own language, Norwegian, but people there learn English as well (Norway, Wikipedia). Iced related activities, endless polar night and salmon fishing are three of most representative examples of its amazing culture.

Firstly, due to the geographic location being close to the North Pole, the weather in Norway is extremely cold thus making ice related activities popular. Skiing is a tradition in Norway and they celebrate it as their national sport. There are a lot of festivals and skiing events held during the year (Winter festivals and events in Norway, visitnorway.com). Other than skiing, ice climbing is also a popular sport. In February an ice climbing festival start with guided climbs, lectures and clinics helps beginner climbers to get start. A Hotel made from ice is a famous tourist attraction but it is only opened seasonally, from December until April because once the weather gets a little bit hotter, the ice will melt. (Skiing in Norway, visitnorway.com) Therefore, Norway’s activities are influenced by the freezing weather.

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Secondly, the polar night is a unique phenomenon in northern Norway, when it occurs the night lasts for 24 hours. However, it is not that often seen in other parts of the Norway. Many Norwegians who live in the north think that this is the finest time of the year because of the wonderful skyscapes and magical lights (When and where to find the northern lights, visitnorway.com). However, tourists might find the endless dark night too depressing. If lucky enough tourists might even have the chance to see the Northern lights between December and February. It has fabulous sunset colours and indirect lighting (The Norwegian Town Where the Sun Doesn’t Rise, theatlantic.com). Hence, the northern lights are very worthwhile to see in Norway.

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Last but not least, the food culture in Norway is also interesting. Lots of Norwegian dishes include salmon because of its large yield. Salmon fishing season starts in June and it is a short and exciting time. Approximately 600,000 salmon enter Norway every year from the ocean (Salmon fishing in Norway, visitnorway.com). Both local people and tourists enjoy fishing salmon in Norway because there are many rivers that can provide salmon of over 18 kilograms in weight. Therefore, salmon is frequently used in their dishes.

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Overall, the snow, the interesting activities, the long dark night, the northern light and salmon dishes make Norway one of the most appealing places in the world. It is a place that not only has wonderful landscapes but also has a memorable culture.

Norwegian Culture

To start my research on Norway I did a Google search and found these sites, their official travel guide, information about Norway on the Lonely Planet website and also their official site in Australia. To curate this information I have created a Pinterest board and also made a mindmap to categorize the information I found online.

Mindmap I did in ESL class

Mindmap I did in ESL class

Norway is a country, located in the north of Europe with the population of 5.084 million. Its capital city is Oslo. They speak their own language: Norwegian.

The weather there is very cold so there are lots of ice related activities that tourists can do. Such as ice climbing, skiing, polar bear tours and you can even live in a hotel made from ice. Its main religion is practicing Lutheran Protestant Christianity. This religion has 66 million believers worldwide and most of them are distribute in Europe. In Northern Norway, nights last 20 hours, many people who live in the north think that this is the finest time of the year because of the wonderful skyscapes and magical lights. If you are lucky enough you might even see the Aurora. Salmon is a specialty in Norway and approximately 600,000 salmon enter Norwegian every year from the ocean. Because of this, people like to go salmon fishing in the fishing season, in June.